Report China Rare Earth Industry Report, 2014-2018

Rare earth, also known as rare earth metal or rare earth element, collectively refers to lanthanides (including fifteen elements) and closely-related scandium and yttrium. As a crucial strategic resource, it is mainly contained in bastnaesite, xenotime, monazite, and other minerals. At present, rare earth resources have been discovered in about 35 countries and regions around the world, with total reserves of 130 million tons, of which 42.3% are owned by China alone.

In order to protect and rationally develop superior resources, China has adopted a cap-control policy for rare earth exploitation since 2006 so that the rare earth ore production suffered a continuous decline from 2010 to 2013. In 2014, the State raised the upper limit, a move that helped drive the rare earth output rise 14.5% year on year to 95,000 tons, occupying about 86.4% of the global total.

Besides meeting the domestic demand, China’s rare earth and its products are also exported to the United States, Europe, Japan, South Korea, etc., with 2014’s export volume of rare earth products reaching about 29,000 tons (rare-earth permanent magnet products 75.5%), accounting for 32.1% of the total output. Despite a steady rise in rare earth product exports over the past two years, the export value, affected by the lower export prices, continued to fall, by 35.7% to USD370 million in 2014.

China’s rare earth industry has been facing quite a few challenges like low enterprise concentration and scattered layout. In 2014, Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Rare-earth, which represents the largest market share, generated revenue that accounted for a meager 7.1% of the total nationwide. In 2015, the 6 major rare earth companies will implement integration, when the rare earth industry concentration will increase significantly.

Inner Mongolia Baotou Steel Rare-earth (Group): As China’s largest rare earth producer, the company has an annual capacity of approximately 350,000 tons/a. In April 2015, the company, along with the Department of Science and Technology of Inner Mongolia, Baotou Municipal Government, and Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), established CAS Baotou Rare Earth Research and Development Center, hoping to further enhance the research and development capabilities of rare earth application products.

Rising Nonferrous Metals Group: On May 30, 2015, the company proposed to raise a fund of RMB2.2 billion from targeted sources, of which RMB570 million will go into rare earth mine expansion: RMB390 million into Pingyuan Huaqi Rare Earth Industrial Co., Ltd., and RMB180 million into Dapu Xinchengji Industry & Trade Co., Ltd.

China Non-ferrous Metal Industry’s Foreign Engineering and Construction: In March 2014, the company began to develop Kvanefjeld rare earth project in cooperation with Greenland Minerals and Energy. In March 2015, the project’s feasibility research was completed and pilot operation can be carried out within the year.

Zhong Ke San Huan: As the largest NdFeB manufacturer in China, it now has the capacity of 14,000 tons/a sintered NdFeB and 1,500 tons/a bonded NdFeB. In February 2015, the company signed an agreement with Hitachi Metals over an attempt to set up a high-performance NdFeB joint venture in China, with a design capacity of 2,000 tons/a.

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Transparent Conductive Films (TCF) Market Size 2015, Forecast 2025

The Report Transparent Conductive Films (TCF) 2015-2025: Forecasts, Markets, Technologies provides information on pricing, market analysis, shares, forecast, and company profiles for key industry participants.

At IDTechEx we have been closely following and analysing the transparent conductive film market for the past five years. To this end, we interviewed or visited more than 40 innovators, suppliers and end users, organised several conferences around the world, developed a detailed and constantly updated forecast datasheet, and advised our clients globally either through consulting or reports. Our market research report on transparent conductive films is the product of our efforts.

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Incumbent eventually pushed beyond its performance limit?

Transparent conductive films serve a variety of markets. They are used in touch screen displays, OLED lighting, OPVs, DSSCs, smart windows, reflective displays, etc. Note that glass-based solutions are used in the display market.

The incumbent technology (ITO on PET) currently dominates the market, controlling in excess of 95% market share. This technology has an established value chain. ITO-on-PET technology however has several performance limits: (1) its sheet resistance is typically between 100-300 ohm/sqr, (2) it can sustain a small fixed curvature, and (3) its manufacturing is subtractive.

The application space is changing but much slower than previously anticipated by many. The incumbent solution is good enough for most existing applications, but emerging sectors may push it to or beyond its performance limit. These applications include large-sized touch screens, OLED lighting, OPVs, DSSCs, smart windows, etc.

A common emerging requirement is low sheet resistance (<50 ohm/sqr) to, for example, maintain the current levels of response time and power consumption at larger touch screen sizes, or to increase efficiency of lighting modules. Another trend is the drive towards robustness in the short term and flexibility in the long term. Both these trends push ITO-on-PET outside of its comfort zone, creating a pull for the development of alternatives.

More-for-less or less-for-more?

The go-to-market strategy for alternatives is substituting an incumbent. Therefore, the claimed value proposition has been centred on a more-for-less strategy, meaning that a higher performance is offered at a lower price. This strategy makes more sense for some alternatives more than others.

Graphene, carbon nanotubes and PEDOT are all mediocre performers. Therefore, the actual value proposition for graphene, carbon nanotubes and PEDOT is same-for-more, same-for-same and less-for-less, respectively. This runs against a substitution go-to-market strategy. It is often noted that all these alternatives provide flexibility, giving them a performance advantage over the incumbent. All alternatives however offer flexibility and truly flexible applications continue to belong to the future.

Graphene, carbon nanotubes and PEDOT are all mediocre performers. Therefore, the actual value proposition for graphene, carbon nanotubes and PEDOT is same-for-more, same-for-same and less-for-less, respectively. This runs against a substitution go-to-market strategy. It is often noted that all these alternatives provide flexibility, giving them a performance advantage over the incumbent. All alternatives however offer flexibility and truly flexible applications continue to belong to the future.

Make or break years

The next two years will be make-or-break years for ITO alternatives. Indeed, we anticipate the ITO alternative scene to consolidate. The ITO alternative market conditions dramatically changed in 2014: the incumbents almost doubled the global production capacity and slashed prices by more than 30% to stave off the threat of substitutes.

In parallel, the market segments in which ITO alternatives commanded a performance advantage disappointed. This is because the sales of large-sized touch displays massively undershot expectations and the emergence of plastic but rigid touch displays proved no panacea because it barely budged ITO from its comfort zone.

The going is getting tough for ITO alternatives. The market has not grown as rapidly as anticipated but the number of ITO alternative suppliers has mushroomed with the proliferation of many ‘me too’ players.

Leading ITO alternatives are here to stay

We feel that the leading ITO alternatives will be here to stay. The reducing ITO film prices will change their value proposition form more-for-less to closer to more-for-same. This will slow the commercialisation rate but we anticipate that silver nanowires and metal mesh will reach $190m and $140m in 2025, respectively. The journey will however be slow as ITO is just good enough in most existing applications.

The battle in the metal mesh area is fought on narrowing the linewidth and improving throughput and yield. In silver nanowires, haze was a point of differentiation but now attention is focused on innovation at the formulation level. In silver nanowires, the first mover advantage will also matter

Next phase of innovation

We feel that the next phase of innovation needs to disrupt the way transparent conducting films are patterned. This a major cost driver and a particular handicap for the incumbent, despite the largely depreciated CapEx (barring new unutilized capacity brought online last year). We already see early-stage innovative solutions being touted around. It is simply the case now that being a little bit better and a little cheaper will no longer cut it in this hugely competitive field.

This report

This report provides a detailed assessment of the transparent conductive film and glass markets. It provides a data-driven and quantitative analysis and benchmarking of the incumbents and all the emerging options. We have interviewed and profiles all the key suppliers and innovators of each type technology, providing you with critical and analysed business intelligence (more than 40 interview-based profiles). We have split the market granularly by application, examining the existing markets such as LCD displays and touch screens (mobile, tablet, notebook, monitor, etc) but also a plethora of emerging ones such as OLED lightings, organic photovoltaics, dye sensitised solar cells, electroluminescent displays, smart windows, flexible wearable devices, etc.

We have built up our detailed market forecast spreadsheet in both sqm and value. We have segmented our forecasts by technology type as well as applications. The technologies that we have covered include ITO-on-Glass, ITO-on-PET, metal mesh, silver nanowires, graphene, carbon nanotubes, PEDOT, etc

China Natural Gas Fueling Station Equipment Market Research Report, 2015-2018

The Report China Natural Gas Fueling Station Equipment Industry Report, 2015-2018 provides information on pricing, market analysis, shares, forecast, and company profiles for key industry participants.

According to different fuels used by natural gas stations, gas station equipment can be divided into compressed natural gas (CNG) station equipment and liquefied natural gas (LNG) station equipment. The former mainly includes CNG compressors, sequence control panels, CNG gas storage facilities, dispensers, and other equipment while the latter mainly involves LNG storage tanks, LNG cryogenic pumps, LNG dispensers, as well as other related equipment. Natural gas station equipment industry is closely related to the construction of natural gas stations.

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As of the end of 2014, there were 6,955 natural gas stations in China, a figure that was up 24.7% from a year ago. In 2014, China had an addition of 1,379 natural gas stations, down 21.2% year on year. Among them, the newly-built LNG stations fell by 36.5% compared with the previous year, while CNG stations were up 0.7% from a year ago. The fall in the growth of new LNG stations in 2014 was mainly due to a fall in international oil price, which led to a drop in economy of natural gas vehicles, thus slowing the investment in natural gas stations. Therefore, China’s natural gas station equipment industry also presented a similar trend.

At present, CNG station equipment industry has higher regional and market concentration. For example, the top 3 enterprises operating CNG compressors for natural gas stations account for a combined 64% market share, which is totally concentrated in Zigong city, Sichuan Province. 74% shares of CNG gas storage facility market have been held by Zigong Huaqi Technology Co., Sichuan Chuanyou Natural Gas Technology Co., and Zigong Daye High Pressure Container Co., which are all from Zigong city, Sichuan province.

In terms of LNG station equipment industry, as the number of newly-built LNG stations dived in 2014, China’s LNG station equipment industry was also severely affected. With the rapid growth of LNG vehicles and accelerated market-oriented reform of natural gas prices, we project that during 2015-2018 China’s investment in LNG stations will rebound, but its growth rate will slow down. The skid-mounted mobile LNG station enjoys many remarkable merits, such as short construction period, high flexibility and mobility, and wider applications, making it a promising natural gas station. As LNG stations expand from Yangtze River Delta Region, Pearl River Delta Region, and Bohai Economic Rim to inland regions, the construction of mobile natural gas stations is speeding up, so that LNG station equipment market size might increase gradually.

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Global And China Memory Market Research Report, 2014-2015

After two years of recession, the global memory market went forward by leaps and bounds in 2013-2014, with scale up more than 20% for two consecutive years i.e. 20.5% in 2013, 22.1% in 2014, the highest growth rate among all semiconductor products. In 2015, the growth rate slows evidently, only 2.3%, and the memory market size is expected to reach USD83.8 billion.

Causes for the decline in growth rate are the followings. The first comes to the falling prices of DRAM. DRAM price began to rise from October 2012, a trend lasting till June 2014, resulting in increased supply and a balance between supply and demand. However, spot prices of DRAM started falling in July 2014.

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Second, the demand dropped. Smartphone growth slowed down, the shipment of tablet PC dived and that of desktop PC fell as well. As the world is just stuck in an ill-defined “economic recovery”, China’s economy has seen a slowdown in growth rate, with a sharper decline to occur in its demand in 2016, and so will smartphones then. With the commissioning of new capacities of major memory vendors, especially in the NAND field, the price will fall more than expected. The memory industry will probably suffer another recession in 2016, down 3.1%.

The memory industry can be divided into two camps: South Korean camp and Japanese/American/Taiwanese camp. Taiwan has good scientific research base, enjoying a sound relationship with Japan; technologically supported by the latter for a long time, Taiwan has the most complete industry chain of memory, especially in packing & testing, it sometimes helps South Korean peers. Japan boasts the most advanced technology but lacks strong financial support, mostly in association with US companies, and the two are willing to cooperate with Taiwanese companies. Japan, the United States and Taiwan formed an alliance – Toshiba with SanDisk, and Micron with Formosa Plastics. South Korean vendors still fade next to Japanese ones e.g. Samsung pays an about 3% patent fee to Toshiba each year, but they are competitive in financial strength and production technology.

Mainland China has been the world’s largest memory market, annually importing memory worth tens of billions of dollars from South Korea. China is trying to change this situation but beset with difficulties. The basic industry and basic scientific research strength are relatively backward in Chinese Mainland, even falling behind Taiwan by more than 10 years in field of semiconductor. Since the rate of return on industry is far lower than the monetary speculation, companies in the mainland are keen on capital operation instead of industrial investment. Chinese mainland enterprises may have some achievements in NorFlash sector from which large companies have retreated, but it is hard to make a big breakthrough in DRAM and NAND.

Currently, most of the new technical memories have low capacity, or else they may face bottlenecks of high costs and poor reliability when capacity is raised. It is projected that traditional DRAM and NAND will still occupy the dominant position from 2020 to 2025, NorFlash or SRAM may be replaced by new technologies in the low-capacity memory field. STT-MRAM now moves up fastest in commercialization.

Everspin had shipped 40 million STT MRAM before October 2014. Since then, it worked with GlobalFoundries in making STT MRAM (40 nm technology).

Intel, IBM, Samsung, SK Hynix and Qualcomm are developing MRAM storage technology while Japanese companies are pretty competitive in this area. In addition to Toshiba, TDK is also an important participant who showcased MRAM wafer with practical performance demonstration at CEATEC JAPAN for the first time.

Global Solar Street Light Market 2014 Indsutry Analysis Research Report

2014 Market Research Report on Global Solar Street Light Industry> was a professional and depth research report on Global Solar Street Light industry that you would know the world’s major regional market conditions of Solar Street Light industry, the main region including North American, Europe and Asia etc, and the main country including United States ,Germany ,Japan and China etc.

The report firstly introduced Solar Street Light basic information including Solar Street Light definition classification application and industry chain overview; Solar Street Light industry policy and plan, Solar Street Light product specification, manufacturing process, cost structure etc. Then we deeply analyzed the world’s main region market conditions that including the product price, profit, capacity, production, capacity utilization, supply, demand and industry growth rate etc.

In the end, the report introduced Solar Street Light new project SWOT analysis, investment feasibility analysis, and investment return analysis and Global Solar Street Light industry.

In a word, it was a depth research report on Global Solar Street Light industry. And thanks to the support and assistance from Solar Street Light industry chain related technical experts and marketing experts during Research Team survey and interviews.

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The report including six parts, the first part maainly introduced the product basic information; the second parts mainly analyzed the Asia Solar Street Light industry; the third part mainly analyzed the North American Solar Street Light industry; the fourth part mainly analyzed the Europe Solar Street Light industry; the fifth part mainly analyzed the market entry and investment feasibility; the sixth part was the report conclusion chapter.

Table of Contents

Part I Solar Street Light Industry Overview

Chapter One Solar Street Light Industry Overview
1.1 Solar Street Light Definition
1.2 Solar Street Light Classification Analysis
1.2.1 Solar Street Light Main Classification Analysis
1.2.2 Solar Street Light Main Classification Share Analysis
1.3 Solar Street Light Application Analysis
1.3.1 Solar Street Light Main Application Analysis
1.3.2 Solar Street Light Main Application Share Analysis
1.4 Solar Street Light Industry Chain Structure Analysis
1.5 Solar Street Light Industry Development Overview
1.5.1 Solar Street Light Product History Development Overview
1.5.1 Solar Street Light Product Market Development Overview
1.6 Solar Street Light Global Market Comparison Analysis
1.6.1 Solar Street Light Global Import Market Analysis
1.6.2 Solar Street Light Global Export Market Analysis
1.6.3 Solar Street Light Global Main Region Market Analysis
1.6.4 Solar Street Light Global Market Comparison Analysis
1.6.5 Solar Street Light Global Market Development Trend Analysis

Chapter Two Solar Street Light Up and Down Stream Industry Analysis
2.1 Upstream Raw Materials Analysis
2.1.1 Upstream Raw Materials Price Analysis
2.1.2 Upstream Raw Materials Market Analysis
2.1.3 Upstream Raw Materials Market Trend
2.2 Down Stream Market Analysis
2.1.1 Down Stream Market Analysis
2.2.2 Down Stream Demand Analysis
2.2.3 Down Stream Market Trend Analysis

Part II Asia Solar Street Light Industry(The Report Company Including The Below Listed But Not All)

Chapter Three Asia Solar Street Light Market Analysis
3.1 Asia Solar Street Light Product Development History
3.2 Asia Solar Street Light Process Development History
3.3 Asia Solar Street Light Industry Policy and Plan Analysis
3.4 Asia Solar Street Light Competitive Landscape Analysis
3.5 Asia Solar Street Light Market Development Trend

Chapter Four 2009-2014 Asia Solar Street Light Productions Supply Sales Demand Market Status and Forecast
4.1 2009-2014 Solar Street Light Capacity Production Overview
4.2 2009-2014 Solar Street Light Production Market Share Analysis
4.3 2009-2014 Solar Street Light Demand Overview
4.4 2009-2014 Solar Street Light Supply Demand and Shortage
4.5 2009-2014 Solar Street Light Import Export Consumption
4.6 2009-2014 Solar Street Light Cost Price Production Value Gross Margin

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Global Thermal Energy Storage Market expanding at a CAGR of 16.7% between 2014 and 2020.

According to the report, the global thermal energy storage Market installed capacity stood at 2,038.3 MW in 2013 and is anticipated to reach 6,070.2 MW by 2020, expanding at a CAGR of 17.1% from 2014 to 2020. In terms of revenue, the global thermal energy storage market was valued at USD 627.6 million in 2013 and is projected to reach USD 1,818.8 million by 2020, expanding at a CAGR of 16.7% between 2014 and 2020.

Global demand for energy is increasing due to rising population. Improved standard of living also acts as a catalyst for demand for energy. Demand for primary energy is likely to increase at a rate of 1.6% p.a. from 2011 to 2030. Furthermore, energy-related environmental concerns such as stratospheric ozone depletion, increasing amount of carbon in the atmosphere, and acid precipitation are projected to rise in the near future. End-users are shifting to renewable energy sources due to the rise in energy costs and growing importance of environmental protection. Renewable energy sources, particularly solar and wind, are gaining importance as means to achieve higher efficient and environment-friendly energy.

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Renewable energy sources are time dependent in nature, i.e., they are not available throughout the day. Hence, it is difficult to utilize these sources to their full capacities. The time dependent and intermittent nature of renewable energy sources increases the need for energy storage devices. These devices are required to store energy during the availability hours and supply energy during the non-availability hours of renewable energy sources. Thermal energy storage is defined as the temporary holding of thermal energy for later usage.

Sensible heat storage is expected to dominate the global thermal energy storage market during the forecast period. However, the market share of this technology is anticipated to decrease owing to their low storage capacity per volume of the storage medium and advancements in technologies such as latent heat and thermochemical storage. Latent heat and thermochemical storage technologies are being used increasingly across the globe, primarily due to their ability to provide high-energy storage density. The market for thermal energy storage based on the end-use application has been bifurcated into commercial and industrial, utilities, and residential segments. Commercial and industrial accounted for majority of the market share in 2013. Rising demand for backup power supplies coupled with increasing energy prices is driving growth in this segment. The future of the thermal energy storage technology is dependent on regulatory framework and structures.

Europe accounted for the largest market share in terms of thermal energy storage capacity installations in 2013. The European Union’s strong emphasis on energy efficiency and growing share of renewable energy generation has resulted in significant increase in the total thermal storage installed capacity in the region. Europe is likely to add nearly 1,307.0 MW of capacities by 2020. Higher investments in solar thermal energy would drive growth in the region. North America is a relatively mature market and is likely to exhibit moderate to high growth during the forecast period. Increasing need for energy efficient and sustainable future is estimated to boost the thermal energy storage market in Asia Pacific. Countries in the Middle East and Africa have set aggressive targets to expand the share of renewable energy sources in the overall power generation portfolio. This is likely to play a key role in the growth of the thermal energy storage market in RoW.

Key players in the market include CALMAC, EVAPCO, Inc., Chicago Bridge & Iron Company (CB&I), and Goss Engineering, Inc. The report also profiles market players such as Abengoa Solar, S.A., Baltimore Aircoil Company, BrightSource Energy, Inc., Burns & McDonnell, Caldwell Energy, FAFCO Thermal Storage Systems, Ice Lings, Steffes Corporation, and TAS Energy. The research study has been segmented as below:

Global Thermal Energy Storage Market: Technology Segment

Sensible Heat
Latent Heat
Thermochemical Heat

Global Thermal Energy Storage Market: End-use Segment

Commercial and Industrial
Utilities
Residential

Global Thermal Energy Storage Market: Regional Analysis

North America
Europe
Asia Pacific
Rest of the World (RoW)

China Aluminum Plastic Film Industry Report, 2014-2017

Aluminum plastic film is a packaging material of polymer li-ion battery (also known as soft-package lithium-ion battery). It is one of the most technically complicated taches in the field of battery materials.

In recent years, China’s soft-package lithium-ion battery market has expanded rapidly. During 2009-2013, there were up to 131 new entrants in Chinese soft-package lithium battery industry. In 2013, the market size of soft-package lithium battery in China totaled RMB10.83 billion, up 27% from a year earlier. It is projected that in 2014 this figure will climb to about RMB14 billion.

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Benefiting from the rapid growth of soft-package lithium-ion battery market, the demand for aluminum plastic film in China keeps expanding year by year, with aluminum plastic film accounting for around 15% of costs of soft-package lithium battery. In 2013, the demand for aluminum plastic film in China reached 36.5 million square meters and the market size hit RMB1.5 billion, occupying 13.9% of soft-package lithium battery market size. It is estimated that in 2014 the aluminum plastic film demand in China might amount to 45.81 million square meters and the market size would hit RMB1.95 billion.

Like the global competitive landscape, China’s aluminum plastic film market has been dominated by the Japanese and south Korean companies, including DNP, Showa Denko, Toppan Printing, and Youl Chon Chemical. Driven by the factors like rapid growth of market demand and technological progress, a few companies including Zijiang Enterprise, FSPG, Zhongjin Matai, Heze Tianxin, as well as Daoming Optics began to set foot in aluminum plastic film industry, among which Zijiang Enterprise, FSPG, Zhongjin Matai, and Heze Tianxin have achieved mass production. In future, China’s aluminum plastic film industry is expected to embrace growth in both demand expansion and import substitution.

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The aluminum plastic film of Zijiang New Material, a subsidiary of Zijiang Enterprise, has obtained the certification from large lithium battery manufacturers such as ATL, Coslight Group, and Lishen Battery. Meanwhile, the company began to supply products to ATL in small patch, with the current monthly supply of 80,000-100,000 square meters.

FSPG’s aluminum-plastic film project started the approval procedure in 2008, and the product structure design was completed in 2008-2011 and the construction of the plant and supporting facilities was finished in 2011-2012. In mid-2012, it began trial production and invited the customer to mass trial-evaluation. In 2013, the company started small-batch sales. At present, the company has delivered aluminum plastic film products to more than 100 customers, and most of the battery plants are conducting battery packaging in batch.

In 2013, Daoming Optics & Chemical began to venture into aluminum plastic film industry by constructing a 5-million-m2 lithium battery packaging film production line. In November 2014, the company announced a non-public offering plan, under which its capacity would be expanded to 15 million square meters through fundraising. At present, Daoming Optics has produced the samples of aluminum plastic film and has delivered them to customers for testing. But they have not achieved mass production.